The Limits of Culture: Islam and Foreign Policy (Belfer Center Studies in International Security)

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Alexander has a Ph. Following his studies at Moscow State University, he worked in various government agencies, where he worked on disarmament and WMD nonproliferation issues. More recently he has been actively studying and working on international and information security. Doctor of Political Science.

Valery Fedorov was born in He is also the Chief Editor of the "Monitoring. Social and Economic Changes" scientific journal since MA in Chinese History.

Fueling Middle East Conflicts—or Dousing the Flames - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Graduated from Moscow State University Since , she had been with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Before joining the Endowment in October , Ms. Gottemoeller was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U. Department of Energy. Previously, she served as the department's assistant secretary for nonproliferation and national security, with responsibility for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. National Security Council. Research interests: nuclear nonproliferation and strategic security.

Director of Institute of Russian Studies, China. Main areas of activity including organization and leading of a number of state research projects. She also serves as a special advisor to various international organisations. Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor. One of the leading experts in the field of chemical and biological disarmament. Experienced scientist, auditor, multilateral person, whose reasearches in biologics, chemistry, policy, economy are of invaluable contribution to the science and for further reasearch perspectives.

From to worked for central organs of political departments of the Russian Federation, including the post of Assistant to the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation in Doctor of Economics. Research interests: globalization, nonproliferation of WMD, export control policy. Doctor of History. Scientific interests - international relations, donestic and international policy of Russia, Russian-Anerican relations. Graduated from the Moscow Engeneering and Physics Institute, program on security, accounting and controls of nuclear materials and nonproliferation. Corresponding member of the Tsiolkovsky Academy of Cosmonautics.

E mployee of the IAEA in and in In he graduated from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute as an engineer-physicist.

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Colonel-General ret. Formerly he was an Adviser of the Global Consulting Group. PhD in history. State Councillor of Russian Federation, 3rd class. In , defended his PhD thesis on the topic "Social practices in the activities of the impact of US diplomacy". Since works at the Moscow government. In , became a director of the Moscow Compatriot House. Author of several papers on theory and history of international relations. Author of the Encyclopedia of protocol and etiquette. Research interests: the settlement of conflicts and crises; Russian national security; theory and practice of foreign policy and diplomacy.

A dual national of Ireland and the United Kingdom, Dr. Lewis has lectured in Physics at the University of Auckland in New Zealand, from where she also carried out research at the Australian National University in Canberra, and as a visiting lecturer at Imperial College London. Lewis has published and spoken widely on aspects of science, verification, arms control, disarmament and nonproliferation. Worked as a correspondent, commentator and editor for numerous Russian printed and electronic media, he is an international columnist with the Vedomosti and Kommersant daily, and Gazeta. As commentator of Russian foreign policy he is widely contributing to the most influential media in the U.

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Was in diplomatic service from to , has worked at the Soviet Embassies and Russian Embassies in the U. Candidate of Law. Support PIR Center. Print version. Sitemap How to find us Contact us Website archive.

Episodic homegrown terror will be hard to stop. But Washington must intensify efforts to keep transnational terror groups on their heels through smart counterterrorism, intelligence sharing with allies, and projection of military power against terrorist sanctuaries, resources, and leadership targets. Second, continue to wean America off Arab hydrocarbons while ensuring the free flow and security of Middle East oil for those who are still dependent.

Aaron David Miller is vice president for new initiatives and a distinguished scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Diplomacy, intelligence, and the military account for about 25 percent of government spending, and half of discretionary spending that which is not automatically allotted to Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare.

In , entitlement programs accounted for 26 percent of federal spending, while discretionary programs including defense were 67 percent. Currently, entitlements consume 60 percent of federal spending — a reversal of the proportions. Popular and important as they are, entitlement programs are present consumption ; national security programs are public investment.

Our government has three alternatives: raise taxes, cut benefits, or expand the debt. It has chosen to expand the debt — the worst and least sustainable of the three options. The Congressional Budget Office predicts the interest costs alone on that debt will triple in the coming 10 years, surpassing defense as an expense. Unless the growth of entitlement programs is reined in, less and less of the government budget will be available for national security programs. Many of our allies, partners, and friends in the region are dismayed, fearing the costs of waning U. Given the growing aggression of China throughout East Asia, what other tools of foreign policy will you use to assert U.

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In the long arc of the 21st century, the rise of China will be a central feature. The relationship between Washington and Beijing, therefore, will be the most important geopolitical pairing over the next two or three decades. And both will want to avoid the so-called Thucydides trap , wherein a rising power confronts an established power militarily with dire consequences on either side.

At the moment, the trajectory is negative, fueled by a growing sense of Chinese nationalism; resentment over the U. If we are going to drop the single most effective geopolitical instrument we could use — the Trans-Pacific Partnership — we will need other strategies and tools to influence China, support U. Hopefully, both candidates will talk about the need to use an alliance-based approach; balancing defense burden-sharing between the United States and our Asian partners; the need to build trust and cooperation between Japan and South Korea; the importance of U.

Both candidates need to demonstrate their knowledge of the history, culture, and complexity of Asia in general and China in particular given its crucial impact on America over the coming decades. James Stavridis is a retired four-star U. If so, how? Unlike the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq — or the brief U.

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Journalistic and NGO estimates suggest that the Secret War has killed 4, to 5, individuals, but the White House has yet to publicly acknowledge the scope or scale of this fight, much less provide a clear explanation of which organizations and individuals have been targeted, what legal theory justifies these cross-border military operations, what mechanisms exist for preventing abuse and mistake in targeting decisions, how much these operations cost U. President Barack Obama has acknowledged the importance of greater transparency and accountability but has yet to take significant steps in that direction.

As president, will you continue to prosecute this Secret War? She served as a counselor to the U. State Department. Most analysts believe it is a matter of time until something dramatic happens in Venezuela.

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  5. How would your administration prepare for and respond to the potential collapse of the state in Venezuela? Here are some possible scenarios: 1 A humanitarian crisis of devastating proportions — something that is in fact already underway. Responding to the Venezuelan crisis would require more acumen than the typical country in distress. The country is now refusing to let foreign aid into the country, despite shortages of even the most basic supplies.

    Yet balanced with that animosity is the incredible strategic importance of Venezuela within the Andean region. The country has become a key drug trafficking corridor, and this would only accelerate in the event of instability. And political violence there stands to destabilize already fragile Colombia next door. It may be slightly off the radar for the candidates, but U. Q: What will it take to stop Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad from killing civilians and step down from power?

    The U. That was nine months ago.

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    What would you do to protect the American people, ensuring that when you are president, epidemic and disaster emergency funds get where they are needed — fast? Haggling among the House, Senate, and White House over Zika funds was the key emblem of Washington dysfunction in For months, the GOP House leadership refused to approve funds unless the bill also banned payments to Planned Parenthood and permitted flying the Confederate flag in military cemeteries.

    During the months of this petty back-and-forth, federal agencies — the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health, chiefly — borrowed money from countless other research and health funds until even those ran out. Meanwhile, Zika infected up to one-quarter of the Puerto Rican population; the Republican governor of Florida begged for federal assistance; and vaccine and other areas of research were slowed. Laurie Garrett is a senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations and a Pulitzer Prize-winning science writer.

    Or is it naive to think in such terms? Though we have trouble remembering it today, Barack Obama took office hoping to replace George W. He wanted to be remembered for rallying citizens and leaders around the world to work on global problems like climate change, nuclear nonproliferation, poverty, and failed states. That agenda was engulfed by chaos in the Middle East and great-power challenges from Russia and China. Both he and we now have a chastened sense of what American leadership can accomplish in the world. Trump premised his remarks on a talking point that has long characterized hawkish narratives on Iran; namely, that a more rational regime would presumably cease its nuclear activities.

    What Trump and Tillerson imply, and others such as former U.

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    Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton have clearly stated , is that the Iranian people favor different policies than the regime and that, by extension, a different Iranian leadership would pursue different policies and behave differently. This position has long justified calls for regime change in Iran.

    This suggests that a different regime in Iran will not necessarily lead to a shift in its nuclear policy. This site uses cookies to improve your user experience.